Last year, Hans Ramsoedh wrote an article What is typically Hindostani? In it, he discussed a few examples of what can be seen as the Hindostani national character, including the phenomenon of huge numbers of guests at weddings, invited or not, it is all possible. Ramsoedh invited readers to also come up with examples of what they see as typically Hindostani, with which a collage could be made. It must be understood that the typical characteristics should not always be taken very seriously but should serve more as a form of humour. It is, after all, important that a people or community can also laugh at itself as a form of self-reflection. Ramsoedh’s invitation, however, did not lead to spontaneous reactions which elicited a Hindostani man to comment: “Typical Hindostani. They can talk a lot, but they can’t write anything down.
Collection of typical characteristics
Hindorama itself approached a number of people, both Hindostani and non-Hindostani people, to ask what they thought was typical of Hindostani’s. Non-Hindostani’s mainly mentioned:
- Hospitable, modest and family-oriented;
- Hindostani dishes such as roti, bará and masala dishes (both meat and vegetables); and
- Bollywood music, dance and clothes (glitter and glamour/bling bling).
Hindostani people also raised these points, sometimes more nuanced, but they also mentioned other points:
- very status-sensitive with as examples: keen on academic titles, nice car, big parties, inviting a lot of people, serving expensive drinks and way too much food (showing that you are not stingy);
- modest, but more in the sense of lack of activism or not speaking out, because in the privacy of one’s own home/family/friends, Hindostani’s do ventilate strong opinions. Some characterised this as cowardice. Others also mentioned the term Hindostani term tej, meaning that someone considers him/herself very important or that someone is pretentious);
- Manai ka boli’ (‘what will people say’) with the remark that this is used selectively, which also elicited the description “hypocrite” from some people;
- food culture of spicy and rather fatty and salty food, a lot of masala (curry), duck, red sardines (sarines in tomato sauce) and one or two days a week vegetarian food;
- religious in the sense that they often do pujas, have their own puja room or depictions of Hindu gods in their homes;
- very serious about things like najar (’the evil eye’), juthá (defilement by another person of food, for example, by taking it with a used spoon or with the hand).
- entertainment enjoyed by young and old: Indian films and music but also baithak gáná.
- focused on skin colour, not necessarily to disapprove of darker skin, but very attentive to its exact shade.
It should be clear that this is an informal collection of characteristics that is certainly not based on (semi)scientific research. Some of the characteristics mentioned are probably not only typically Hindostani. But it still seemed a good idea to sketch this brief picture of how non-Hindostani people view Hindostani people and how Hindostani’s view their own people.
This article will look into the characteristic of hospitality from various angles. For example, how the much-praised hospitality is abused, but also how hospitality is dealt with within the community itself and the interaction with some of the other typical characteristics such as modesty (not speaking out) and status sensitivity.
“I’ll come and eat roti.”
Non-Hindostani people often recalled that it was very easy to join a party or be invited for dinner by Hindostani people. In Suriname, Creoles were known to invite themselves often. A Hindostani woman told: “They always came and said to me when it was Holi, ‘I’ll come to your house and eat roti’. But the other way round, they didn’t expect me to eat pom (a Creole-Surinamese dish) with them on their 1 July or Christmas festivities. But yes, that’s how it was. We Hindostani’s didn’t like to eat at other people’s houses, because we don’t eat everything, like pickled meat and so on.”
When Hindostani people migrated to the Netherlands in large numbers and came to live scattered across the country, they also had to deal with Dutch people who were only too happy to go to the Hindostani neighbours’ houses for dinner. In the beginning, they did not mind. It was even good for friendly relations. But at one point, it was quite conspicuous that the Dutch always turned up at dinner time, knowing that there would be a bite to eat. A Hindostani woman: “We found it annoying, but did not want to send them away. My husband told me to put extra pepper in the food, but I thought that would not be right. When I started working outdoors, I did let on that I couldn’t have visitors so often, and that’s how it was resolved, without arguments.”
Mess at the neighbours’ place
There were also cases where the children from the neighbourhood could always be found with their Hindostani friends. The Hindostani parents thought that this was nice for their children, until they noticed that the Dutch neighbours like to keep their house in perfect order and therefore like to let the children mess around somewhere else. The mother: “I did not like that, but I could not tell the children that they were not welcome. I did start to pay attention that they did not make too much mess at my place. If this was the case, they had to clean it up themselves together with my children.”
Outdo each other
Hindostani people like to go all the way when having a party. A lot of food and drinks are served. Sometimes the aim is to outdo each other. If one person had served fried rice and noodles with chicken, the other would add roti with curry duck, for example. And then there are always all kinds of snacks. Sometimes, you are still enjoying your bara or the spring roll is coming, and right after that, pink chicken salad or ghugri. And of course, you can’t leave before having a full meal as well. A Dutch woman: “With the Dutch, you are invited for coffee and cake or for a drink, whether or not with snacks, or for dinner. With Hindostani people, it’s all in one.”
A question of honour
The fact that there is an excess of food on offer is not such a problem if you can decide for yourself what you will or will not eat. But sometimes, you are constantly being chased and it is as if the host/hostess does not accept that you do not take everything. Hospitality turns into a form of tyranny. It is no longer about what the guest likes, but about the honour of the host or hostess. This is hilariously portrayed in a sketch from the BBC series Goodness Gracious Me which is about Indians in England: https://youtu.be/RJaRh6QTTfU
Status and showing off
At weddings or other large parties, the number of guests and all the splendour surrounding it also has to do with status within the family. At a wedding, it is sometimes mainly a matter of showing off to the ‘other party’, the groom’s family. The latter must not think that the bride’s family cannot go all the way. Money is sometimes borrowed from the family in order to be able to celebrate the marriage with as much grandeur as possible.
With highly educated Hindostani people, it sometimes seems that they prefer to be among people of their own status and when having a party they limit their invitation policy accordingly. They, however, run the risk that they are considered stingy and that people will talk about them that way.
Well-to-do Hindostani people in Suriname can also show off at weddings to demonstrate that they are well-to-do. These weddings are mainly about displaying wealth, with one family trying to outdo the other. There is security at the entrance and showing the invitation is mandatory. This kind of wedding is clearly inspired by the wealth displayed in Bollywood films. The idea is that months later people will still be talking about the splendour of that family’s wedding.